China’s One-Child Policy Produces Baby Bust

China’s longtime policy of limiting most families to raising one child has caused a rapid decline in the country’s birthrate in the past two years, The Wall Street Journal reported.

China officially ended the policy in 2016, moving to allow families to have up to two children and, later, three children, but birthrates still dropped for the first time in decades only a few years later from 7.52 million births in 2021 to 6.77 million in 2022. 

Xiujian Peng, a senior research fellow at Australia’s Victoria University who studies population economics with a focus on China, told the Journal that when it comes to birthrate, “Our forecasts for 2022 and 2023 were already low, but the real situation has turned out to be worse.”

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